ES1205 Action ENTER

Since the production and the application of Engineered NanoMaterials (ENMs) to daily life’s fields within the EU is known to increase, the release of ENMs into the aquatic environment is expected to gain as well. Hence, it is crucial to understand the processes determining the behaviour of ENMs and to develop viable regulations. Concerning the transfer of Engineered NanoMaterials (ENMs) from wastewater Treatment & stormwatEr to Rivers (ENTER) the following issues require clarification:


(i) which and

(ii) what amounts of ENMs are released

(iii) how persistent are they and

(iv) to what extent do they cause in situ toxicity


To unravel the mentioned issues a close collaboration of experts from different disciplines, including analytical chemists, environmental scientists and civil engineers, but also jurists, politicians and other stakeholders is needed.


The COST Action ES1205 ENTER will help to advance scientific knowledge on the release and fate of ENMs in the urban water cycle and to communicate expert knowledge in an appropriate manner to the non-scientific community. ENTER will break down barriers between scientific and public pressure groups by an intensified scientific exchange via, e.g., position papers. ENTER will help to facilitate decision-making process by supporting end users such as politicians, the EU and national public servants.


Chair: Dr. L. Duester (Federal Institute of Hydrology, Germany)

Vice-Chair: Prof. M. Burkhardt (UMTEC, Switzerland)